Form of study at school: what are there and how to choose?

What are the forms of training in school - full-time, correspondence and internship. What is the difference between different types of education, and how to choose for your child optimal?

How to get an education

It is necessary to distinguish the forms of education and form of training.

Both are determined by Federal Law No. 273 of December 29, 2012 "On Education in the Russian Federation" (last revision - 06.02.2020).

Forms of education two:

  • in organizations engaged in educational activities (in schools, gymnasiums, etc.); Forms (species) of school or gymnasium - full-time, part-time and correspondence;
  • Outside organizations exercising educational activities: in the form of family education (from 1 to grade 9) and self-education (10-11th grade), with the right of subsequent passage of interim and final state certification in any educational institution.

In the first case, the school is responsible for organizing and the quality of the educational process, in the second - parents.

Forms of education and training:

Form of education Form of study
In an educational institution Pupil
Outside the educational institution Family education (1-9 class)
Self-education (10-11 class)

If you initially chose family education, it does not mean that it is allowed to simply not go to school. Children to schools like voters to the site are attributed automatically - on registration at the place of residence. If your child does not go to grade 6.5-8 years, you will get problems with guardianship. Family education requires documentaries - access to the local education department.

Forms of school education


To the fact that such full-time training in school, we are all accustomed to the traditional cooling system, with a five-or six-day schedule, change, vacation, daily explanation of the new material by the teacher, with a homework, verification and test work, ratings and t d.

With full-time learning, the child is maximally included in school life in all its diversity, there are advantages in this, and cons:

  1. In school, children are taught, they explain the new material, they regularly monitor his assimilation.
  2. School - the usual, developed by decades, which has a lot of experience, but little flexibility - all children learn from the same programs, in some teachers.
  3. Communication with peers is an indispensable social experience, but it is possible both positive and negative. On the one hand, children learn to exist in the team, to be friends, merge their own desires, needs, successes and failures with classmates. On the other hand, the team is capable of "customized" forward, so pull back; In modern schools, the manifestations of persecution, aggression and cruelty from peers.

It is necessary to distinguish what a form of training at school and the method of organizing the educational process. For example, for children with disabilities, seriously ill school students are conducted by teachers at home or in a medical hospital.


Correspondence training is a way out for children who are engaged in sports and spend a lot of time at the fees, and those whose families often and are leaving for a long time from the main place of residence. The student masters the school program on its own or with the help of tutors. His study goes to the "Farvater" of the class and on the same programs, he is listed by the student of this school, he passes all the certification class.

The plus of recent years is that there are the possibility of e-learning and the use of remote educational technologies, that is, the tests give up a school site or other electronic resources.

The main minus of absentee learning is the need to independently adhere to the schedule of classes, to master the program material to the prescribed time. It requires a large self-discipline from the child and his parents.


Full time - mixed. The child does not rejoice at the lessons, but regularly comes to school, gives to check homework, together with the class writes verification and test work.

Such a form is suitable for schoolchildren who can master the program without a teacher, on textbooks, those who are actively engaged in sports or creativity, and this interferes with normal school studies.

Plus, internally absentee learning is that there is no connection with the school, teachers, classmates.

As part of school education for children with disabilities, children with weakened health, etc. In the presence of medical testimony, training is practiced on adapted programs with smaller learning stress.

What is the difference between family education from absentee

What is a magnificent form of training in school

Family and absentee education has a lot of general: the child learns at home with the help of tutors, Internet resources, etc. Following the results of the other, the child is obliged to undergo certification within the federal state educational standards (GEFs).

What are the main differences:

  1. What such correspondence training in school is an independent education, but received at school or gymnasium, that is, in an educational institution. The school chooses the program, provides educational and methodological literature, organizes interim and final certifications, is responsible for the quality of knowledge gained. In this sense, correspondence training at school is like in universities: there is a specific curriculum, it is necessary to master it at the right time and pass the exams.
  2. Family education outside this system. Organization of the learning process, the choice of programs, the distribution of training loads - everyone solved parents. Intermediate and final certification Children are externally in any educational institution that has appropriate accreditation. Externally applies public financing - when preparing for exams, children have the right to use textbooks for free.

Features of self-education and external

The term "self-education" is used for students outside the system of educational institutions over 15 years, i.e. students of grades 10-11.

External, according to the last revision of the law "On Education in the Russian Federation", do not allocate in an independent form of education. This is a form of certification on family education and self-education, in which the student independently masters the program and externally intermediate and final exams.

How to choose a learning form for a child

Deciding, how to teach your child, parents need not only to find out which form of training in school or outside the school system, but also to weigh all the "for" and "against" the path selected by them.

Think about the transition to part-time or correspondence learning makes sense if:

  • The child lags behind or, on the contrary, is significantly ahead of them in development, and the overall curriculum for him is too close;
  • The schoolboy has problems communicating with classmates, constant conflicts, etc.;
  • It is impossible to combine school with sports or creativity;
  • Parents suite the school and the program, but the family often moves from place to place, long lives abroad for a long time.

Parents are transferred to family education, if they are not satisfied with the school as such: a system of learning, program, the need to be in the team, etc. But in this case, the FGOS has not been canceled: the secondary education in Russia is mandatory, and it is estimated to be Unified certification standards.

The combination of various forms of education is allowed. If you transferred your child to correspondence training, but they understood what was mistaken, there is always the opportunity to return to the usual class. Unfortunately, such experiments do not always pass without a trace. The missed time, lost contact with classmates, psychological problems due to the fact that "did not succeed, failed" - of course, experience, but the experience is not easy. Before deciding, honestly answer yourself: it is necessary to a child or your parental ambitions.

Admission to the university is a serious step to adult life. And each schoolboy is asked at least two questions: "What is the faculty to go?" And "How to choose a form of learning in the university?". On the pros and cons of various forms of training and will be speech.

In this article:

What gives higher education at the moment?

In Russia, higher education seeks to get the absolute majority of school graduates. Why? At the moment, the university diploma makes it possible to master the future profession, decide on the work of life and get a huge number of skills and knowledge that may be needed in the future.

Of course, it happens that a graduate of the university works not by profession. Often this is due to the crisis in some areas and the inability to earn a sufficient amount of money for a comfortable existence. However, most often a graduate diploma of any university of any specialty may be needed to obtain favorable conditions from the employer.

How to choose a form of learning in the university?

How to choose a form of learning in the university?

What forms of training are?

Full-time education

This is the most common form of learning, which involves visiting lectures and seminars. Students can receive education on a budget and paid basis.

What are the pros?

  • Universities provide accommodation in a hostel for non-resident students;
  • Direct interaction with teachers gives invaluable experience and opportunities for future employment or work in high school;
  • The study of disciplines (and not only) occurs through the interaction with classmates, which makes it possible to exchange experiences and make new acquaintances;
  • Full-time students of learning can get to WCC (military training center), which makes it possible not to go to the army after the university;
  • Education lasts 4 years in undergraduate and 5-6 years on a specialty, which is less than on other forms of training.

What are minuses?

  • Day classes that often last from morning to evening, do not allow to fully work;
  • Such a study takes students a lot of strength and time, which often does not even have to communicate with friends;
  • Payful full-time learning is very expensive, but does not guarantee good earnings after.

What professions can be mastered with such a form of training?

Full-time learning universal for all professions and any spheres. Of course, now there is an opportunity to go through courses and get the necessary applied skills in many specialties, but higher education makes it possible to become a highly qualified specialist.

Extramural studies

With this form of study, the student of the university does not attend lectures and seminars. He is obliged to attend personally only during the session on the exam. However, there is an intermediate control in the form of abstracts, testing in essay format and so on.

What are the pros?

  • Such a form of learning allows the student to combine study with work, to get a full-fledged working day (so, you can immediately apply the knowledge gained in the process / internship);
  • After training, there are already not only the knowledge gained, but also work experience, which makes a student competitive in the labor market;
  • Education payment is not very high.

What are minuses?

  • Correspondence training lasts longest full-time, about 5-6 years;
  • To independently organize the process of learning and studying difficult topics, serious work is needed and high self-organization;
  • Correspondence training cannot give to young people a delay from the army;
  • Most often, students of correspondence departments are not provided with a hostel, only for the session.

What professions can be mastered with such a form of training?

Students of the correspondence form of training themselves organize the training time and format. Therefore, many complex topics they can take place not very thoroughly or not at all. For example, many professions associated with marketing, advertising, public relations are suitable for such forms of training.

However, at the correspondence department, it is difficult to master natural and humanitarian sciences. In addition, medical education should also be studied with professors.

OCNOGO (or Evening) form of training

This form of training includes lectures, seminars and independent development of disciplines. Usually, the couples take place in the evening several times a week or on Saturdays. Students also need to pass interim control and exams in session weeks.

What are the pros?

  • Evening training does not take much time, but allows you to interact with teachers and classmates;
  • Makes it possible to work at a complete rate and apply the knowledge gained in practice;
  • It is cheaper than a full-time learning form.

What are minuses?

  • Such a form of training does not delay from the army;
  • Due to the combination of full-time pairs and work, there may be difficulties with the employer and in the university itself;
  • Studying lasts for a year more than full-time learning (due to other distribution of the program).

What professions can be mastered with such a form of training?

Since the evening form of study involves practical classes, it allows not only to discuss the topics not yet passed, but also to participate in experiments (for example, in the natural and scientific field), however, for a full study of complex professions it may not be enough. For example, for many creative professions, such a form of education may not come up.

Remote education form

This form of study assumes the presence of a computer student and the ability to go online, as all materials, lectures and seminars are in remote mode, and materials can be obtained by mail or in the system specifically provided for this.

This form of training is already widespread all over the world. Russia has recently also opens up opportunities for universities with remote learning:

What are the pros?

  • Typically, such education allows you to study at a convenient time and from anywhere in the world, if only there was the Internet;
  • Such education is much cheaper than a full-time learning form;
  • With the development of technologies, such education is becoming more efficient and better than generally accepted classes in the walls of universities.

What are minuses?

  • Not all employers can recognize such education in basic and relevant standards;
  • Such education will not delay from the army;
  • The scholarship is not paid;
  • This formation rarely includes work in groups and full interaction with the teacher.

What professions can be mastered with such a form of training?

Remote education is very effective in that all materials are in access constantly and there is an independent time distribution. Now, if desired, you can master so any profession, and the received skills practicing in the process of work.


Sometimes universities provide the possibility of early passing exams and passing all courses. The complexity of such education is that the disciplines are not mastered at a sufficiently deep level. This formation is quite difficult to become a real specialist.

What are the pros?

  • Diploma can be obtained at times faster than full-time learning;
  • There is no need to attend lectures and seminars.

What are minuses?

  • Does not give delay from the army;
  • It is very difficult in a short time to independently master the material of several years.

What professions can be mastered with such a form of training?

Externality is a big responsibility for the level of education, which lies on the student. It should not be obtained in this way professions that include interaction with people (for example, their treatment). However, this form of training is suitable for more or less applied specialties, in which the use of skills in practice is important (as it will allow you to start receiving work experience faster).

At the moment, students have an extensive choice of forms and quality of education. It is convenient that everyone can choose an individual approach to gaining knowledge and arrange priorities: someone suits a long way with lectures and seminars, and someone wants to start working as early as possible. Pick up you are closer!

College is an educational institution, which is focused on obtaining practical skills. And to instill most of them can only be on the standard day form formation.

Many interesting materials about colleges can be found on our telegram channel. And in the group, unique offers, promotions and discounts constantly pop up.

The goal of our today's article is to tell about other available form of training in college: part-time, remote, external.

When choosing a college, be careful. There are institutions of education, in which there is only one form of training (not always convenient to applicants).

Day (full-time) form of training in college

What does the full-time learning form in college / technical school? This classic form at which students visit college / technical school \ School \ SPO in the usual mode. Here prevails a prevailing system built on a personal contact with the teacher.

A daytime formation is a preferred learning method for those who entered college after grade 9.

Students continue to undergo a school curriculum for 10/11 classes and receive new practical skills for the selected specialty.


  • Training 5 days a week;
  • The average number of pairs is 4 daily (it may vary depending on the college curriculum);
  • At least 36 audit hours weekly.

College training: Evening (part-time) and correspondence form

Such training forms choose working students or those who cannot regularly attend classes during the daytime.

The correspondence form approaches those who have already received one education and want to master the new specialty as an additional.

Feature of the correspondence form of training in college after grade 9 is that most of the time students learn independently at home. Only twice a year during a certain period, they must be present in college personally to protect exchange projects, visiting lectures (accurate), testing and exams. This period of study is called the installation session and lasts from 20 days (at the discretion of the college).

Before the session, every student receives an official call from the Dean to pass the session. This document gives him the right to legally absent at work.

Unlike the correspondence evening (or part-time), the form of study in college involves the presence of a student in class all year round on weekdays. This is the preparation of specialists without separation from work. Classes are held in the evenings 2-3 times a week and in the morning on Saturday.

Despite the stationary learning, most of the materials of student student internally undergo themselves to pass on their own, as well as invoirs.

Weekend Groups

Weekend groups, as well as groups of part-time learning, are designed to help working students. So they can receive education on Saturdays and Sundays without separation from professional activities.

The curator, assigned to such a group, will help students in every way to develop the curriculum, organize the process of obtaining knowledge, inform about changes in the schedule and curriculum, conduct private and group consultations.

Like all students of other forms of learning, weekend students give the session twice a year, and at the end of training they protect the diploma projects and give state exams.

Distance learning in college and external

External and distance education are quite rare college training, as the main requirement for students' training is the practical orientation.

Distance learning is several times cheaper full-time. At the same time, the student himself determines its learning intensity.

Here, the curator also attaches to the student, who helps and direct learning activities.

In the diploma of a graduate remote form of study in college it is written that he received an education in absentia.

As for the external (abbreviated form of study at the request of the student), then everything is strictly individually: both the plan, and the days of visiting, and the schedule of exams. Immediately after submitting an application, the deanat will consider the offer. And if everything is fine, it will make a special schedule of visits and exams that will need to adhere to.

What form of training in college choose is your business. We will only wish you good luck! And if good luck does not help to cope with study, the student care service will help a hundred percent.


Author: Natalia.

Natalia is a content marketer and a blogger, but all this does not prevent her from being adequate. It believes in all the colors of the rainbow and does not believe in the theory of the world conspiracy. It is fond of "neurosantia" and secretly dreams to recreate the house of the Alexandria library.

In addition to all the well-known full-time, in universities, several more types of learning are assumed, each of which is focused on a particular group of students. Those, in turn, choosing a suitable departure for admission, are guided by either life circumstances or interests and opportunities. Today we will tell about what form of training is possible besides daytime (part-time / evening, correspondence).

Day (or full-time) form

The day form implies a program designed to master students, when visiting a university in 5-6 times a week. Classes are held mainly in the morning hours, but sometimes the leadership of the university is a schedule in the second shift. This is often happening for several reasons:

  • The desire of the university will provide students with the possibility of part-time in the morning hours;
  • insufficient audit fund;
  • Insufficient number of human resources (lack of teaching personnel), etc.

The training program provides for the theoretical course (lecture), which is supported by practical activities (seminars) and independent work of students (test work, coursework, reports, etc.). In the last training courses, students necessarily receive practical knowledge in order to back up the theory (the corresponding mark is set in addition to the diploma).

The duration of training can be 4 years (bachelor), 5 years (specialist) and another 2 years (magistracy).

Attention! If a graduate of the technical school / college comes to the full-time form, the program for it is reduced to 3 years.

Among the benefits of day learning can be noted:

  • Excellent "baggage" of theoretical knowledge;
  • the ability to receive a delay from the army service;
  • The opportunity for a student to participate in the active life of the educational institution: Competitions, Olympics, disputes, holidays, that is, in simple words, the ability to fully realize their intellectual and creative potential;
  • The ability to receive a scholarship (speech about the free separation in the university).

Full time students can receive a scholarship

But everything is not so smooth in reality. Of course, it should be understood that with a diploma of the highest educational institution, but in the absence of experience, a graduate of the university will not be able to get a good starting position. And this is, in principle, the normal situation is for the majority.

Employment form of training

Quite often, it is called Eveney, because it gives the student to study at the university and at the same time work. Most often, such a form of study involves visiting the school 3-4 times a week, that is less common than in day learning, but still quite often. Such a learning schedule will be quite enough in order not to disturb your employment routine and at the same time get a sufficient number of theoretical knowledge.

Employment form of training is a dense course of the theory, followed by a confirmation of the student of the knowledge gained (test session and exams). As for the duration of the learning process, it leaves from 4.5 (bachelor) to 5.5 years (specialist) and an additional 2 years to obtain a master's qualification. For college / technical school graduates, the duration of training, as in the first case, is 3 years.

The most significant advantages of the evening form of training include the possibility of simultaneously obtaining necessary for future knowledge and independent money. In addition, the "freshly baked" specialist, for example, will already have "by shoulders" some experience.

As for the minuses, it can be attributed here, perhaps, only the lack of opportunity to express themselves creatively during the training period, by participating in the lives of the university, as well as the lack of scholarships.

Attention! It should be taken note that when learning in the evening office, the delay from the army is not provided.


Well, and as for the correspondent form of training, everything is maximally simplified here: "Lion" share of knowledge should be obtained by a student independently. The educational institution provides only the necessary theoretical minimum. The consolidation of the knowledge gained is carried out by the method of testing and, of course, the examination session.

Correspondence formation is suitable for those who work

As for the time frame, everything is quite "blurred" here, since each university in its own way interprets the concept of "correspondence learning". For example, many educational institutions hold classes for the correspondence department 1 time per week (weekly / day off), and at the end of the theoretical course, it is reinforced by its test / exam. This system is called "modular".

Other universities carry out correspondence training by the classical method. In this case, the "pink" of the lecture course is carried out directly on the eve of the examination session.

In the correspondence form of training is the perfect option for those who have no opportunity to attend a standard lecture course.

Here, in principle, all that you need to know about various forms of training in universities. Successes!

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